Pile foundations are normally used in presence of weak upper soil layer (2-3 m. depth).
For residential construction piles are joined together to a pile cap (strip or planar one), on which bricks or framework is constructed.
Piles can be classified by their material:
They can also be classified by diameter:
Micro piles (Diameter < 300 mm.)
Medium diameter piles (300 mm – 1000 mm.)
Large diameter piles (up to 1 m)
Medium and large diameter piles nowadays are used as retaining structures for excavations, therefore more micro piles, such as ductile piles are used for load transmission purposes.
Micro-piles are also used in construction of a near-by buildings. With this kind of piles this construction is plausible and cost-effective
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