This type of foundations is used at the case of long strip loads. The requirements also are as for shallow foundations, e.g. foundations should rest on a considerably strong soil stratum.
Benefits using these foundations are:
– Cheap construction, effective usage of construction materials
– Low excavated soil volume
– No special machinery needed
– Old and reliable load distribution system
– Fast construction
Strip foundations could be reinforced and unreinforced. Usually unreinforced strip foundations are used for light-weight simple structures, such as fence bases, small retaining structures (<1 m). Reinforced foundations are used for residential construction usually. Reinforcement is also used in places, where soil at shallow depths is variable, uneven, for example clay turning to gravely sand.
– design of strip foundations
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